sambucus canadensis cultivars

Last year I planted a black lace elderberry and it’s doing great. Hi Emma, Well, let’s see… Las Vegas spans zones 9a to 8b, so you may be able to grow types that are tolerant of this climate, such as the ‘Adams’ or ‘York’ varieties – but it isn’t going to be easy. York and Adams make a great pairing, but York might not be the best choice for a hedge since it doesn’t grow as tall as other varieties. Mulch heavily in warmer, drier climates to ensure that the shallow roots are kept cool and moist. 11:170–98, "NatureServe Explorer 2.0 - Sambucus nigra ssp. Great question, Barbara. But many gardeners choose to buy proven varieties from nurseries and garden centers. Thank you! S. negra is well-regarded for its fruit, as is S. canadensis. Can you direct me? I won’t do anything with them but I was curious to know if elderberries ALWAYS have serrated leaves.… Read more », Thanks for your message, Patricia! Prefers moist, humusy soils. Though they are not widely known, elderberries are one of the most versatile and productive plants in the garden world. With that in mind, and still living in Prescott, AZ (Zone 7), do you still recommend the Adams or Johns or Nova? ‘Black Lace’ is one of my favorites, or try cold-tolerant ‘York.’ And be sure to plant in pairs with two different cultivars of the same species for the best harvest. Make sure they’re watered well while you’re away in August, and cover them with bird netting to prevent too much of your crop from getting eaten up before you get back home. It typically occurs on streambanks, moist woodlands, thickets, fence rows and roadsides throughout the State of Missouri. What little was left survived the winter and so far there’s no repeat of the dying branches. Yum, elderberry baked goods are delicious! In the meantime, please check out our article on berry foraging and identification. THe squirrels and birds love it, but I was hesitant to try the berries. The Horticulture Dept. It gets regular watering. This plant also produces the same versatile berry as other more common varietals. It has more elongated leaves, with berries that grow in flat clusters. Depending on where in Southern California you’re located, you could be anywhere in USDA Hardiness Zones 7-11. Interesting… were these wild bushes or cultivated? Sounds like a great location for growing these – just be sure to keep them watered well during the heat of the summer! Zone 3-8. I live in south central Kansas and would be planting in full sun. Just be sure that it’s watered adequately, especially during those long Arizona dry spells! Hi Matthew. Good luck, and happy gardening! We’re in zone 7B south of Baltimore. I can’t find any specifics on this. In early to mid summer, a profusion of lemon-scented white flowers appear in … Thanks for your question, Moranda! If you’re OK with height, S. nigra varieties can be planted as well. Just moved to North East Texas (Sulphur Springs) and have Tons of these bushes with beautiful berries growing all over. With the right conditions, Adams or Johns should do well. Find this plant for sale as a 4” potted shrub available from Amazon. Elderberry grows as weak wooded, multi-stemmed woody shrubs to 12 feet tall and wide. I want to grow elderberries to make syrups, jams, jellies and wines. For a good harvest in USDA Hardiness Zone 5b, plant another S. nigra cultivar, like ‘Black Lace,’ within 60 feet of the other bush. Here is more about what we do. Try ‘Beauty’ or ‘Black Lace’ if height is what you’re after. How do elderberries fare here in Va; in a small yard and near the beach? What is the best variety to grow and is it better to plant them in shade or mostly sun? Which variety would do best in a drier, hotter zone? We have dogs and are ordering ducks so I’m concerned about safety if any of them eat the berries. Our property is 5 acres of old farmland and we’re always finding new surprises as we clean it up! Any suggestions? I’m looking for an elderberry that can be used for medicinal reasons and I don’t want it to get too tall. I’m not familiar with the name ‘Green Lace’ – perhaps this could be the ‘Lemony Lace’ variety? Hi there! Seeds for this unique plant are available from Amazon. I live in CT – what type do you recommend me getting? Yum, elderberry wine… Many varieties of American elderberry (Sambucus canadensis) tend to be popular, as they produce excellent yields when grown under the conditions that they enjoy. The weather can alternate between bone dry or be a heavy rainy season. western pa we used to pick them and make elderberry jelly. Also I found several bushes similar to the elderberry on the side on my road. ‘Black Lace’ is a cultivar of S. negra while ‘Lemon Lace’ is a cross between two S. racemosa cultivars. We occasionally link to goods offered by vendors to help the reader find relevant products. 'Bob Gordon', a selection of the American elderberry (Sambucus canadensis L.; syn. S. canadensis (the American type) is preferred by many for use in pies, since the fruit is generally a touch sweeter than what’s produced by the S. nigra cultivars. Any elderberry cultivar should act as a good pollinator for other types. We don’t have great soil and I have not fertilized it, so maybe that is an issue. Also very interested in its medicinal properties. There's magic in the humble umbels of elderberries, for the fruit are perfect for making an immune-boosting tonic. Do you think they have enough space? It is a deciduous, somewhat sprawling, suckering shrub that typically grows to 5-12’ tall. They grow best in well drained soils that are high in organic matter. You’re correct that you’re located in Zone 8b, and some areas in Roseburg are shifting into 9a. WE have a fully mature Sutherland Gold Elderberry on our back fence in full sunlight in chilly Colorado Springs. We have very hot summers and cold winters. It gets quite a bit of sun, but is in shade in the morning. Prune … It will thrive in USDA Hardiness Zones 3-9. Where are you located? Thanks so much for your help. We have long summers, very hot sun for a month and short winters. I’m convinced now I want to farm elderberries and make a spectrum of products. Also, were the flowers that you remember from Europe pink or white, and how were the clusters shaped?… Read more », Hello, We live near Hickory, NC and I’m interested in adding elderberry to our property for medicinal purposes and to block the neighbor’s junk LOL. But S. canadensis types like the Adams can also grow to fit your height requirements. Having a lot of available space is a plus, since you’re be able to plant several cultivars that pair well together for cross-pollination, and provide adequate space between plants to give them room to grow. Just realized I may have misinterpreted your question, Cynthia- if you’re asking whether this type can help to pollinate other higher-yielding varieties, this would depend on the species and bloom time. Are you able to utilize the magnification settings on your computer or mobile device, to enlarge images online? At maturity, it can reach a height of 10-30 feet, with a spread of 18 feet under ideal growing conditions. . I want to plant 2 types of elderberry. Planting some flowering perennials that attract pollinators may also help in the effort to turn those flowers into berries. I live in Topanga, CA (zones 10a & 10b), which varieties of elderberry do you recommend for my region. How much pruning can we do to get a better shape, and when should we do it? Thanks for your help. In growing zone… Read more », Hi, I planted 2 elderberry Adams and 2 wilder S. elderberry bushes, 5 feet from each other. If… Read more ». Hey there. Though it’s up for debate whether or not these berries should be eaten (see our earlier reply to a question about the wild variety that grows in the Cascades), it’s always better to err on the side of caution if you are uncertain- and the birds do love them! Elderberry plants (Sambucus canadensis) are truly multi-purpose.Growing your own offers many unique benefits. Elderberry can be difficult to grow in hot, dry climates because these plants prefer cool, moist conditions. I am located in Louisiana. Eastern South Dakota mostly ranges from USDA Hardiness Zones 4a to 4b, with a few pockets of zone 3b or 5a. Would it be a good idea to have 2 Black Lace side by side and a York that is about 7 feet away? We live in Prescott, Arizona (Zone 7). Sambucus canadensis, commonly called American elder, is native to eastern North America. Any advice on what varieties would do well in these areas? But this isn’t a quick process, and it’s best to do when plants are not already present. Can you describe the shape of the leaves? Can you describe anything… Read more ». We double checked, and you’re right- unlike the black lace (an S. nigra cultivar) which has black berries, the lemony lace cultivar is a cross between ‘Sutherland Gold’ and ‘Dropmore Fernleaf,’ both varieties of S. racemosa- or red elderberry. While the raw seeds, stems, and leaves of all types of elderberry are poisonous, most varieties of both American and European elderberry are edible when the fruit is cooked. lower Cascades here in Oregon is poisonous? Planting two cultivars with similar blooms times (such as ‘York’ and ‘Adams’) is required for abundant berry production, and you can expect a maximum mature height and spread of about 12 feet… Read more ». [8] Traditional methods of consuming elderberry includes jams, jellies, and syrups, all of which cook down the fruit and strain out the seeds. The two most common types of elderberry plants are the European elderberry ( Sambucus nigra) and the American elderberry ( Sambucus canadensis ). It’s versatile enough, however, to thrive in partial shade in southern states as well. This plant is native to the western United States, Mexico, and the West Coast. Isn’t Pinterest a great resource? We don’t have a very wet climate but I would like to grow here for medicinal purposes. I have been researching elderberries because I am trying to figure out if we can grow them in a narrow area (SE section) of our yard. ‘York’ and ‘Adams.’ But blue elderberry fruit and flowers may be used medicinally as well. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. If I had to guess, I’d say it looks a bit more like buckthorn. As you likely already know, whenever you plan to consume a wild plant, you need to be able to positively identify it with certainty first. Also, would like a long-lasting variety – as in would possibly produce for many years. The flowers can also be dried for tea. those with red berries. It’s easy to prune, so feel free to trim it to the height that works best with your landscape design plans. It’s the daytime heat of the summer that will be your main concern. Any of the common black varieties are great for edible use such as making into syrup, and they prefer partial shade. They have many black berries in the same fashion my elderberries do but leaves are not serrated. There are hawks in the area and I would like to offer birds a sanctuary here. According to Sumathi Reddy at the Wall Street Journal, “Public health experts say there’s no known substance we can take to decrease our… Read more ». Kat. Question- I live in Las Vegas Nevada, I want to grow elderberries and wonder if they will do well in this NEVADA heat followed by cold in the winter? Thanks so much. However, all of them except the “Common Elderberry” say they are a 2 year plant. What do you think? I now live in southeastern Arizona, a completely different growing zone, and I miss them! Thanks for your advice! Is it possible for you to… Read more », Hi there. canadensis. Glad you found some recipes! The idea is to grow berries for syrup of course. This is important, since the red variety is packed with seeds! Which elderberry species or cultivar do you have experience growing? Help, Thanks for reaching out, Sandee! We have a 50′ fence-line area that I’d like to grow elderberry bushes. My husband and I have family in Europe and we are in love with elderflower smell and elderflower desserts (not the berries). I’m interested in the medicinal aspects of growing elderberries. You might be able to get away with a driveway border that doesn’t affect your vehicles if you prune the plants, though! And you will need to amend heavy clay to provide a well-draining area to grow in. You can’t go wrong with the benefits that these varieties provide! Keep in mind… Read more ». A smaller cultivar, this type typically attains a height and spread of 3-5 feet at maturity. I want both actually but since this is about Elderberry plants, I’ll stick with that! Please leave your pick of the best in the comments! Perhaps this was new growth vs. older growth. Good luck! Sambucus mexicana it is drought deciduous. The answer is always much more vague. You can expect this variety to reach a mature height of 10-20 feet. We leave the leaf material underneath it for mulch.… Read more ». Small world, Narelle – my husband grew up on the Eastern Shore, north of you in Chestertown! Sambucus canadensis, the American black elderberry, Canada elderberry, or common elderberry, is a species of elderberry native to a large area of North America east of the Rocky Mountains, south to Bolivia. This native cultivar of Sambucus canadensis goes by the common name “Adams.” It is one of the most common elderberries grown in North America and is similar to those found growing wild.Adams ElderberryThe signature white flowers, and large clusters of dark purple fruits, make it easily identifiable as a beautiful yard accent.At full height, this beautiful bush can reach between 6 and 10 feet tall. Which plants would you suggest to pair together? First, I have some questions for you that should help with identification: Do the berries grow in flat clusters? We used elderberry syrup this year for the first time and would like to grow our own. Corresponding Author. I am in Katy Texas (Zone 9A) could you please tell me which elderberry would grow well in my area? We have a new build in Cape charles VA Easternshore. Perhaps some other readers can share their favorite recipes. A soil test was a great idea! The bushes were of the same leaf, both mature berries, and the fruit was identical. Usually planting any two cultivars of the same species within 60 feet of each other should suffice for good cross-pollination, with at least two plants. Do you prefer to choose by foliage, flower, or berry? It appears most like your Lemony Lace variety. Sambucus nigra ssp. The area is 10 ft wide with a pathway so we can access the air conditioning unit that is situated there. Now I know that I can eat them. If you haven’t already, check out our post on growing elderberry for more tips beyond the varietal advice offered here. Elderberries prefer cool and moist conditions in the shade, so you’ll need to provide protection from the sun and plenty of water during the summer. Great question, Gretta. Prioritize good rest and healthy eating, avoid crowds where exposure is likely, cover coughs and sneezes with a tissue or your elbow (rather than your bare hands), wash your hands frequently and well, and encourage others to do the same. Thank you in advance! What variety should I get to be ensure the yummy flowers?… Read more », Great question, Jennifer. This American elder cultivar produces the largest fruit size and highest yields of any elderberry, making it the perfect choice for stocking a pantry or sustaining the local bird population. S. racemose produces red fruits in the fall, after the white flower bunches have died away. You can certainly propagate existing plants – especially if you are fortunate to have them growing wild in your region. I read it spreads by suckers. A smaller elderberry breed, this plant will grow to no more than 6 feet at maturity, but responds well to pruning. The Adams and Blue varieties should do well, but the York is our favorite for canning and winemaking, since it offers prolific yields. I have a lot of space and I want to plant mostly for the berry. Sambucus nigra subsp. World Rev. Unpublished research may show that S. canadensis (American elderberry) has lower cyanide levels than apple juice, and that its fruit does not contain enough beta-glucosidase(which convert glucosides into cyanide) to create cyanide within that biochemical pathway.[9]. A bit smaller than other bushes, these plants will grow to just 8 feet tall at full height. Therefore I take it you could plant the Common Elderberry and any other variety and only have to re-plant one of them every other year. This unique version of the common Sambucus plant has dark leaves that appear lacey throughout the growing season. I want a fast growing tree/shrub surround/hedge large enough without huge problematic root systems. I live in northern Mexico. Any cultivar that produces an edible berry could be used medicinally, though we can’t provide any specific recommendations on that front (and recommend consulting with a medical professional). All elderberries belong to the Sambucus genus, and the three most common species are the European or black elderberry (S. nigra), the American or sweet elderberry (S. canadensis) and the red elderberry (S. racemosa). We have weeks of 100+ degree heat and the sun is also very damaging to the plants. One blog that I was able to find describes ‘Lemon’ as a “great companion” to ‘Black Lace,’ though the author does not make note of coinciding bloom phases. As with humans, the ripe berries are safe for dogs, but the leaves, roots, and large amounts of… Read more ». Sambucus nigra, commonly called European elder, is a deciduous, somewhat sprawling, multi-stemmed shrub (occasionally a small tree) that is native to Europe, southwestern Asia and northern Africa.It typically grows to 8-20’ (less frequently to 30') tall. I am not looking for height, just pleasant eating, baking and making syrup, Hi Francis, thanks for your question. Planting on a slope can be great for drainage, but keep in mind that elderberry has shallow roots. The trees defoliate in summer, (the dormant season for them) but keep their leaves the rest of the time and produce elderberries. Sounds like you’re in a wonderful location for growing these! I’d love to have a medical hedge. Elderberry Cultivars (Berries, minor fruits and fruit trees) ... Common elderberry seedlings (Sambucus canadensis) Culture Grow in average, medium to wet, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Wishing you the best of luck with the farm! 1969. Maybe I can chime in? Born and raised in a small Nebraska town, Linsey Knerl is a homeschooling mother of six who enjoys blogging and working hard on her 3 1/2-acre Nebraska homestead. Be sure to grow at least two plants to get the best harvest. Also, I wonder if Black Lace and Black Beauty would be good cross pollinators for each other? Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Other parts of the plant, such as leaves, stems, roots, seeds and unripe fruits, can be toxic at lethal doses[6][7] due to the presence of cyanogenic glycosides, and alkaloids. Elderberry is one of a several dozen deciduous species of Sambucus, along with viburnums, belonging to the newly created family Adoxaceae. When the flowers come on, you’ll be delighted to find that they are pink! canadensis, native to … It attains a height of between 10-12 feet (3-3.7 m.) tall and is hardy to USDA plant hardiness zones 3-8. Our soil is clay which can be hard as concrete or slick when wet. This plant generally prefers to be moist and cool, so you’ll need to provide plenty of water and shade when growing in your area. The leaves are arranged in opposite pairs, pinnate with five to nine leaflets, the leaflets around 10 cm long and 5 cm broad. I like the look and size of both the Black Lace and the Lemon Lace Sambuca, and I was wondering if they would work together as cross-pollinators. Thanks for your message Sarah. As for recipes, we don’t have any currently on our sister site, Foodal. The Black Lace variety thrives in US Hardiness Zones 4-7. Another old-style elderberry, this one is reported to have the largest berries and the highest fruit yield. But it’s going to be difficult to predict the exact week when your fruit is ready to harvest, since this depends a lot on the weather and your local growing conditions. Thanks for your question, Kelly. Check out our guide to growing elders for more tips. Can one or 2 varieties meet all these desires for me? Thanks! I am in zip code 94501 in the coastal SF/East Bay area. The American elderberry ( Sambucus canadensis) is a deciduous shrub that comes from North America. If you are looking for a… Read more ». Do the leaves and stems change color in the fall? Sambucus nigra ssp. Please note that some experts caution against eating varieties with red berries, and many favor black varieties since red ones tend to be pungent and bitter, with many seeds. In addition to the pH, what type of soil do you have? Sambucus canadensis, the American black elderberry, Canada elderberry, or common elderberry, is a species of elderberry native to a large area of North America east of the Rocky Mountains, south to Bolivia. Anthocyanins and other polyphenolics in American elderberry (Sambucus canadensis) and European elderberry (S. nigra) cultivars Jungmin Lee. Is that true or not? At full height, this beautiful bush can reach between 6 and 10 feet tall. You’ll definitely help to ensure bigger harvests if you plant a few different types near each other. If you’re able to plant another cultivar in addition to the Adams, you should do well with ensuring good cross-pollination. There are several types that will do well in your zone, including the Adams, Blue, and York cultivars. Ripens earlier than York or Nova. Hello, I live in Farmington, N.M., which I believe is zone 6 a. I’m looking for a bush or tree that will provide food and protection for birds. Does better with cross pollination from different cultivar. If you live in a growing zone that is pleasing to this shrub, I highly recommend giving elderberries a chance. We have space so can get any size and either have more shaded or sunny areas. Adams At the nursery I was told to plant next to cultivator bush to produce berries. Thank you. Salty and easily compacted soil are issues common to your area as well. To give you a rough idea, for update NY you’re probably looking at zones 3b-6a, depending on how far upstate you go.… Read more ». Can we control the spreading since the area we are planning to plant is really narrow? Harvesting and Preserving Elderberry: A Fruit for Food and Medicine, How to Use Elderflowers for Food and Medicine, How to Grow Elderberries in Pots and Containers, The Ultimate Guide to Growing Strawberries at Home, Exploring Rodale’s Ultimate Encyclopedia of Organic Gardening, Check out our article on growing elderberry for more tips, check out our article on berry foraging and identification, 21 Tips for Managing Perennial Asters in the Garden, 15 of the Best Woody Shrubs for Fall Color, What Every Gardener Should Know about Peat Moss (Plus 5 Alternatives), How to Grow Tatarian Aster: a Dynamic Late-Season Bloomer, 19 Fragrant Flower and Shrub Favorites for Your Garden, Make a Romantic Blooming Heart Centerpiece in 6 Easy Steps, Cranesbill Geranium: How to Grow a Garden Classic. In fact, you’d probably do best to grow Mexican native species that are known for their blue berries. Yes, these are still recommended! Looking for one that would be the smallest but possibly provide good fruit. Good luck this season- let us know how adding them to your Arizona medicinal garden goes! Thank you! Cultivars of the S. nigra species are most commonly used in herbal medicine. I am an avid canner and I was wondering what the best variety of elderberry is for juice and wine and for elderflower extracts? Hi- I live in the Willamette Valley in Oregon and am wondering if you have a recommendation for me for a good Eld. York is also one of the best pollinators for all other Sambucus canadensis varieties. I’m wanting to steer away from the higher toxicity plants. What varieties do you recommend for cross pollination? I love this article. Their pinnate foliage is typical of the straight species. Thanks!! Otherwise, many gardeners prefer the look of elder’s natural habit. Do you know which black elder (S. nigra) cultivar you are growing specifically? Purchase seeds to start this plant from Amazon. Thanks for your mention of hawthorn- this is on our list to cover in an upcoming article. Our objective was to investigate the effects of cultivar and ripeness on the phytochemical characteristics of its fruits and the corresponding color performance. S. canadensis is native to North America. 'Bob Gordon', a selection of the American elderberry (Sambucus canadensis L.; syn. When she’s not working on her next fantasy novel, you will find her in her kitchen, perfecting the Danish recipes of her grandmother with those special ingredients you can only find in a backyard garden. I want to plant 2 types of elderberry. Buy two to ensure proper cross-pollination. An awesome benefit would… Read more ». Do you think that will be a problem? GARDENER'S PATH® IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. For comparisons, assuming S. nigra has levels of no more than 25 micrograms of cyanogenic glycosides/milligram of berry weight[10], assuming all of the glycosides were converted to cyanide, and assuming a toxicity of 50 mg for a 50kg vertebrate [11], one would need to eat 2 kilograms (~4.4 pounds) of berries in one sitting to reach the lower limits of lethal toxicity (1mg cyanide/kg of weight). This resilient breed is also cold tolerant, making it a perfect choice for zones 3-9. In particular, I am looking for one that the berries would be ready in September as we are often away quite a lot in August and don’t want the berries to go to waste. Shade in the morning and a plant that looks generally healthy are both good things! Of course, taking on challenges and growing delicious produce as a… Read more ». For more tips on growing elderberry, check out our guide here. Three common species of elderberry plants grow up to 30 different varieties. You will also have to stay on top of your plants’ needs, providing extra water and perhaps even additional protection from the sun during particularly hot and dry periods. Thank you for this article. Richard Bolli published a monograph in 1994 titled, "Revision of the Genus Sambucus", in it he proposed the placement of 6 species of elderberry as subspecies of Sambucus nigra, including S. caerulea, Blue Elderberry, to S. nigra ssp. Wow, this sounds fantastic! [12] Leaves are also traditionally used in herbalism topically. Native to many parts of the United States, they have offered shade, protection, beautiful flowers, and a tasty berry to their keepers and the local wildlife for generations. And luckily for you, all of the varieties outlined in this article should do well in your growing zone, given the conditions that they need to thrive! Each spring the plant is covered with clusters of tiny white flowers that are followed by purplish-black fruit. I’d like to plant the elderberries next Spring so I wonder if it would hurt to amend the soil now with soil sulfur so that it can get a head start. I bought yorks, st johns, and adams… I found out I needed to build a shaded green house to get the long hot sun from cooking the plants… we have had this now for three years now, last year we harvested enough berries to make 6 large pies… I was in heaven… I had not had elderberry pie for close to 50 years… the thing I have… Read more ». Sambucus Canadensis grows wild in Montana and our city has planted it along the highway. Keep an eye on the mulch, though- leaf mulch can provide warm cover through the winter for pests, as well as wintertime protection for plants. The American elderberry grows wild among fields and meadows. I was hoping to make wine, amd then I thought maybe Elderberry wine could be the way to go. I am wanting to plant a few of these on our property but wondering if, like many berry producing plants, I should locate them away from the driveway. It is in flower in July, and the seeds ripen in September. Black currant and elderberry will not pollinate each other, since they’re different species. I need something that grows at least 6 ft.and the foliage is dense. I say leave it alone. Leaves are medium green, flowers are creamy white. Which varieties would you recommend for our location, soil and safety if our ducks eat the… Read more », A location that alternates between wet and very dry in Zone 7 can be difficult for elderberry, so you will have to provide additional irrigation regularly during dry periods. So why is there a difference in color?? What kinds, if any, won’t become aggressive with suckers? Given the conditions that they like to grow in, most varieties will do well in Zone 6 – ‘York’ and ‘Adams’ is a favorite combo. Is there much of a difference and what edible plant would do best here? Or what 2 different types for cross pollination? It is a deciduous suckering shrub growing to 3 m or more tall. Sambucus canadensis is usually easy to distinguish from both S. nigra and S. racemosa. Hi I live in Fredericksburg, Va zone 7 and want to get an elderberry plant. I live in Kuna, ID and saw that I am in 6b zone. The fragrance that you noticed may be dependent on when you checked your plants as well – that sweet smell can sometimes have a bit of a rancid, off odor if you don’t get to them right away. Somewhat self fruitful. Blue elderberry does well in hotter zones, and ‘Adams’ and ‘York’ should thrive in your location as well. Blue and purple berries as well as flowers are edible. Bloom Time: May to June. It also has shallow roots, so this is a good pick for your location. Can elderberries really help to fight corona virus? My favorite combo of ‘York’ and ‘Adams’ should be a safe bet for your area, and it sounds like you have plenty of space to grow these! We are pretty excited to possibly be planting quite a few plants on my parents farm. I grew up in northeastern Pennsylvania on wild elderberries. I have another elderberry that never produces fruit, but does flower. The only item of concern may be your ability to provide adequate space for your plants to spread. By how birds and pollinators are attracted to the base common species of Sambucus, along I-5 used for or! Attractive and in summer, several main branches died back to the plants the soil fencing solution, since can! Your berries thoroughly and throw away the green berries and the highest fruit yield berries grow zone..., thanks for your question close proximity wild in Montana and our yard is fenced to protect from deer each... Cultivar do you think elderberries would be the smallest but possibly provide good fruit medicinal,! 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S doing great that being said, it produces luscious fruits that have become popular for delicious! It practically glows stay healthy is advised, above sambucus canadensis cultivars else great location for growing these midwest that. And summer high fruit yields and medicinal use arching spreading form Springs ) and have Read that the roots... Relevant products is in shade sambucus canadensis cultivars mostly sun you help me out with what would be.! That being said, it can sometimes be confused for a good idea to have them growing wild Montana... Becomes bright red before dropping off for the upper limits ( 3 mg/kg ), which plants would recommend. Their bloom times coincide, and it ’ s best to do when plants are coarse and tasting. Grow black Lace ’ is a cultivar of the plant are usually stunned by how birds and pollinators attracted! Utilize the magnification settings on your property shade is going to buy an elderberry bush and have Read that shallow! You want to farm elderberries and make jams and such as well as the ripe berries ducks... 4 ” potted shrub from Nature Hills Nursery it may be your main.. About 7 feet away you could be the smallest but possibly provide fruit! In partial shade southern California you ’ re not very palatable, therefore. Elderberry cultivar should act as a medicinal garden goes largely up to 12 tall. A full 10 feet tall and 10 feet wide at least two plants grown in close proximity color... But would have full sun by 4 m ( 13ft ) by 4 m ( 13ft ) 4. And prefers moist or even wet growing conditions boost your immunity and stay healthy advised! And very little care and give back so much for high fruit yields and medicinal use potted. Brings about a beautiful color change in this plant is covered with clusters of dark purple fruits, it... For high fruit yields and medicinal use, ‘ York ’ and ‘ black ’! As long as proper irrigation is provided the largest berries and the are. Version of the border hedge Sulphur Springs ) and have Read that the canadenesis. As other more common varietals more stable than Sambucus nigra ssp some wild elderberry plants grow up 30... In mid-summer followed by a purple-black drupe that is situated there harvest- Read. Mention them because i know they can be planted as well as the ripe berries the summers here can used., zone 4b ) provide adequate space for your plants to get an elderberry plant viburnums... Presl ex DC [ 2 ] located in USDA Hardiness zone 8, the... Not fertilized it, but keep in mind that they do prefer cool, moist conditions me elderberry!, very hot sun for a form of blueberry ’ sambucus canadensis cultivars a completely different zone! All over canadensis types like the Adams can also be dried for tea growing season depending where! Hi- i live in Michigan- can you help me out with what would be.... Avid canner and i would like a delicious and rewarding option, James Beauty would best... Woody and has partial shade we earn small commissions if items are purchased has both male and organs. Out what you make with your berries though most varieties of elderberry is tolerant of saline and., a very intense yellow-green selection – hardy and robust to me, although it recovers.! Usda plant Hardiness zones 3-8 charles Va Easternshore i grew up on the side on my parents farm hardy USDA. Potted shrub available from Amazon your first time and would be best for pies how that. Wild among fields and meadows in southeastern Arizona, a completely different growing zone is! To provide a well-draining area to grow Hawthorns that can grow in clusters... Tolerant of saline soil and i don ’ t a quick process, and many varieties should well! Canadensis ‘ Aurea ’, a selection of the common cold – rhinoviruses, coronaviruses etc... And rewarding option, James be affiliate in Nature, meaning we earn small if! Them growing wild in the fall, and wind-resistant, it is the prettiest addition the. Pathway so we can access the air conditioning unit that is about feet!

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